A novel environmental justice indicator for managing local air pollution

Jing Zhao, Laura Gladson, Kevin Ryan Cromar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Environmental justice efforts in the United States seek to provide equal protection from environmental hazards, such as air pollution, to all groups, particularly among traditionally disadvantaged populations. To accomplish this objective, the U.S. EPA has previously required states to use an environmental justice screening tool as part of air quality planning decision-making. The generally utilized approach to assess potential areas of environmental justice concern relies on static comparisons of environmental and demographic information to identify areas where minority and low income populations experience elevated environmental exposures, but does not include any additional information that may inform the trade-offs that sub-populations of varying socio-demographic groups make when choosing where to reside in cities. In order to address this limitation, job accessibility (measured by a mobility index defining the number of jobs available within a set commuting time) was developed as a novel environmental justice indicator of environmental justice priority areas at the local level. This approach is modeled using real-world data in Allegheny County, PA (USA), and identifies areas with relatively high levels of outdoor air pollution and low access to jobs. While traditional tools tend to flag the poorest neighborhoods for environmental justice concerns, this new method offers a more refined analysis, targeting populations suffering from the highest environmental burden without the associated benefits of urban living.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1260
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume15
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 14 2018

Fingerprint

Air Pollution
Social Justice
Demography
Population
Civil Rights
Environmental Exposure
Vulnerable Populations
Poverty
Decision Making
Air

Keywords

  • Environmental justice
  • Fine particulate matter
  • Job accessibility
  • Mobility index
  • Outdoor air pollution
  • Urban management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

A novel environmental justice indicator for managing local air pollution. / Zhao, Jing; Gladson, Laura; Cromar, Kevin Ryan.

In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, Vol. 15, No. 6, 1260, 14.06.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{3aa687690dc340a08c5ae1fb4e0dba06,
title = "A novel environmental justice indicator for managing local air pollution",
abstract = "Environmental justice efforts in the United States seek to provide equal protection from environmental hazards, such as air pollution, to all groups, particularly among traditionally disadvantaged populations. To accomplish this objective, the U.S. EPA has previously required states to use an environmental justice screening tool as part of air quality planning decision-making. The generally utilized approach to assess potential areas of environmental justice concern relies on static comparisons of environmental and demographic information to identify areas where minority and low income populations experience elevated environmental exposures, but does not include any additional information that may inform the trade-offs that sub-populations of varying socio-demographic groups make when choosing where to reside in cities. In order to address this limitation, job accessibility (measured by a mobility index defining the number of jobs available within a set commuting time) was developed as a novel environmental justice indicator of environmental justice priority areas at the local level. This approach is modeled using real-world data in Allegheny County, PA (USA), and identifies areas with relatively high levels of outdoor air pollution and low access to jobs. While traditional tools tend to flag the poorest neighborhoods for environmental justice concerns, this new method offers a more refined analysis, targeting populations suffering from the highest environmental burden without the associated benefits of urban living.",
keywords = "Environmental justice, Fine particulate matter, Job accessibility, Mobility index, Outdoor air pollution, Urban management",
author = "Jing Zhao and Laura Gladson and Cromar, {Kevin Ryan}",
year = "2018",
month = "6",
day = "14",
doi = "10.3390/ijerph15061260",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "15",
journal = "International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health",
issn = "1661-7827",
publisher = "Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A novel environmental justice indicator for managing local air pollution

AU - Zhao, Jing

AU - Gladson, Laura

AU - Cromar, Kevin Ryan

PY - 2018/6/14

Y1 - 2018/6/14

N2 - Environmental justice efforts in the United States seek to provide equal protection from environmental hazards, such as air pollution, to all groups, particularly among traditionally disadvantaged populations. To accomplish this objective, the U.S. EPA has previously required states to use an environmental justice screening tool as part of air quality planning decision-making. The generally utilized approach to assess potential areas of environmental justice concern relies on static comparisons of environmental and demographic information to identify areas where minority and low income populations experience elevated environmental exposures, but does not include any additional information that may inform the trade-offs that sub-populations of varying socio-demographic groups make when choosing where to reside in cities. In order to address this limitation, job accessibility (measured by a mobility index defining the number of jobs available within a set commuting time) was developed as a novel environmental justice indicator of environmental justice priority areas at the local level. This approach is modeled using real-world data in Allegheny County, PA (USA), and identifies areas with relatively high levels of outdoor air pollution and low access to jobs. While traditional tools tend to flag the poorest neighborhoods for environmental justice concerns, this new method offers a more refined analysis, targeting populations suffering from the highest environmental burden without the associated benefits of urban living.

AB - Environmental justice efforts in the United States seek to provide equal protection from environmental hazards, such as air pollution, to all groups, particularly among traditionally disadvantaged populations. To accomplish this objective, the U.S. EPA has previously required states to use an environmental justice screening tool as part of air quality planning decision-making. The generally utilized approach to assess potential areas of environmental justice concern relies on static comparisons of environmental and demographic information to identify areas where minority and low income populations experience elevated environmental exposures, but does not include any additional information that may inform the trade-offs that sub-populations of varying socio-demographic groups make when choosing where to reside in cities. In order to address this limitation, job accessibility (measured by a mobility index defining the number of jobs available within a set commuting time) was developed as a novel environmental justice indicator of environmental justice priority areas at the local level. This approach is modeled using real-world data in Allegheny County, PA (USA), and identifies areas with relatively high levels of outdoor air pollution and low access to jobs. While traditional tools tend to flag the poorest neighborhoods for environmental justice concerns, this new method offers a more refined analysis, targeting populations suffering from the highest environmental burden without the associated benefits of urban living.

KW - Environmental justice

KW - Fine particulate matter

KW - Job accessibility

KW - Mobility index

KW - Outdoor air pollution

KW - Urban management

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85048628950&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85048628950&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3390/ijerph15061260

DO - 10.3390/ijerph15061260

M3 - Article

VL - 15

JO - International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

JF - International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

SN - 1661-7827

IS - 6

M1 - 1260

ER -