A new pipine frog from an Eocene crater lake in North-Central Tanzania

Ana Maria Báez, Terry Harrison

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    The fossiliferous site of Mahenge, Tanzania, interpreted as a small lake that formed in a kimberlite intrusion, has yielded a vertebrate assemblage that includes scarce frog remains. Radiometric dating of the pipe indicates that the volcanic activity took place at 45·83 ± 0·17 Ma, whereas infilling of the crater was completed in 0·2-1·0 myr after emplacement. The frogs, described herein, are preserved as partially articulated skeletons that represent a new pipine taxon, Singidella latecostata gen. et sp. nov. A parsimony analysis of fossil and extant pipoid frogs indicates that Singidella is more closely related to African Hymenochirus and Pseudhymenochirus than to South American Pipa. It also provides weak support for the sister-group relationship of Singidella and the bizarre Late Cretaceous Pachycentrata taqueti (replacement name for Pachybatrachus taqueti) from Niger, although the incomplete preservation of Pachycentrata precludes thorough comparisons. This record indicates that prior to the rifting in the Miocene the distribution of pipines extended into eastern Africa where they do not occur today.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)723-737
    Number of pages15
    JournalPalaeontology
    Volume48
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jul 2005

    Fingerprint

    crater lake
    Tanzania
    frog
    frogs
    Eocene
    lakes
    volcanic activity
    parsimony analysis
    Niger
    kimberlite
    new taxon
    Eastern Africa
    pipes
    new taxa
    skeleton
    crater
    rifting
    emplacement
    vertebrate
    pipe

    Keywords

    • Africa
    • Eocene
    • Hymeno-chirini
    • Phylogeny
    • Pipidae
    • Pipinae
    • Singidella gen. nov.

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
    • Palaeontology

    Cite this

    A new pipine frog from an Eocene crater lake in North-Central Tanzania. / Báez, Ana Maria; Harrison, Terry.

    In: Palaeontology, Vol. 48, No. 4, 07.2005, p. 723-737.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Báez, Ana Maria ; Harrison, Terry. / A new pipine frog from an Eocene crater lake in North-Central Tanzania. In: Palaeontology. 2005 ; Vol. 48, No. 4. pp. 723-737.
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