A neutral redox-switchable [2]rotaxane

J. C. Olsen, A. C. Fahrenbach, Ali Trabolsi, D. C. Friedman, S. K. Dey, C. M. Gothard, A. K. Shveyd, T. B. Gasa, J. M. Spruell, M. A. Olson, C. Wang, H. P. Jacquot De Rouville, Y. Y. Botros, J. F. Stoddart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A limited range of redox-active, rotaxane-based, molecular switches exist, despite numerous potential applications for them as components of nanoscale devices. We have designed and synthesised a neutral, redox-active [2]rotaxane, which incorporates an electron-deficient pyromellitic diimide (PmI)-containing ring encircling two electron-rich recognition sites in the form of dioxynaphthalene (DNP) and tetrathiafulvalene (TTF) units positioned along the rod section of its dumbbell component. Molecular modeling using MacroModel guided the design of the mechanically interlocked molecular switch. The binding affinities in CH 2Cl 2 at 298 K between the free ring and two electron-rich guests - one (K a = 5.8 × 10 2 M -1) containing a DNP unit and the other (K a = 6.3 × 10 3 M -1) containing a TTF unit - are strong: the one order of magnitude difference in their affinities favouring the TTF unit suggested to us the feasibility of integrating these three building blocks into a bistable [2]rotaxane switch. The [2]rotaxane was obtained in 34% yield by relying on neutral donor-acceptor templation and a double copper-catalysed azide-alkyne cycloaddition (CuAAC). Cyclic voltammetry (CV) and spectroelectrochemistry (SEC) were employed to stimulate and observe switching by this neutral bistable rotaxane in solution at 298 K, while 1H NMR spectroscopy was enlisted to investigate switching upon chemical oxidation. The neutral [2]rotaxane is a chemically robust and functional switch with potential for applications in device settings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7126-7133
Number of pages8
JournalOrganic and Biomolecular Chemistry
Volume9
Issue number20
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 21 2011

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Rotaxanes
Oxidation-Reduction
switches
Switches
affinity
Electrons
electrons
rings
cycloaddition
alkynes
Spectroelectrochemistry
Equipment and Supplies
Molecular modeling
rods
Alkynes
Azides
Cycloaddition
Cycloaddition Reaction
methylidyne
copper

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

Cite this

Olsen, J. C., Fahrenbach, A. C., Trabolsi, A., Friedman, D. C., Dey, S. K., Gothard, C. M., ... Stoddart, J. F. (2011). A neutral redox-switchable [2]rotaxane. Organic and Biomolecular Chemistry, 9(20), 7126-7133. https://doi.org/10.1039/c1ob05913k

A neutral redox-switchable [2]rotaxane. / Olsen, J. C.; Fahrenbach, A. C.; Trabolsi, Ali; Friedman, D. C.; Dey, S. K.; Gothard, C. M.; Shveyd, A. K.; Gasa, T. B.; Spruell, J. M.; Olson, M. A.; Wang, C.; Jacquot De Rouville, H. P.; Botros, Y. Y.; Stoddart, J. F.

In: Organic and Biomolecular Chemistry, Vol. 9, No. 20, 21.10.2011, p. 7126-7133.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Olsen, JC, Fahrenbach, AC, Trabolsi, A, Friedman, DC, Dey, SK, Gothard, CM, Shveyd, AK, Gasa, TB, Spruell, JM, Olson, MA, Wang, C, Jacquot De Rouville, HP, Botros, YY & Stoddart, JF 2011, 'A neutral redox-switchable [2]rotaxane', Organic and Biomolecular Chemistry, vol. 9, no. 20, pp. 7126-7133. https://doi.org/10.1039/c1ob05913k
Olsen JC, Fahrenbach AC, Trabolsi A, Friedman DC, Dey SK, Gothard CM et al. A neutral redox-switchable [2]rotaxane. Organic and Biomolecular Chemistry. 2011 Oct 21;9(20):7126-7133. https://doi.org/10.1039/c1ob05913k
Olsen, J. C. ; Fahrenbach, A. C. ; Trabolsi, Ali ; Friedman, D. C. ; Dey, S. K. ; Gothard, C. M. ; Shveyd, A. K. ; Gasa, T. B. ; Spruell, J. M. ; Olson, M. A. ; Wang, C. ; Jacquot De Rouville, H. P. ; Botros, Y. Y. ; Stoddart, J. F. / A neutral redox-switchable [2]rotaxane. In: Organic and Biomolecular Chemistry. 2011 ; Vol. 9, No. 20. pp. 7126-7133.
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AU - Gasa, T. B.

AU - Spruell, J. M.

AU - Olson, M. A.

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