A measurement model for subjective marital solidarity

Invariance across time, gender, and life cycle stage

Barbara Stanek Kilbourne, Frank Howell, Paula England

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    We use LISREL to assess the measurement properties of a unidimensional indicator of subjective marital solidarity based on four questionnaire items. A rigorously assessed measure containing more than one, yet relatively few items, is solely needed for research on marriage; such a measure can combine high reliability with low cost. Using 1971 and 1978 waves of the Quality of American Life data, we evaluate a measure based on four items: how well the respondent thinks his or her spouse understands him or her, how well the respondent understands his or her spouse, the amount of time spouses spend together in companionate activities, and reported marital satisfaction. With one correlated error term, these items are found to be a unidimensional indicator and to show substantial invariance across gender, survey year, and life cycle stage. We rejected inclusion of an item on how much the couple agrees on finances because this item created invariance by gender and survey year. This item apparently changed its meaning during the 1970s when many women became wage earners.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)62-81
    Number of pages20
    JournalSocial Science Research
    Volume19
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 1990

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    life cycle
    spouse
    solidarity
    gender
    wage earner
    finance
    marriage
    inclusion
    questionnaire
    costs
    time

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Education
    • Sociology and Political Science

    Cite this

    A measurement model for subjective marital solidarity : Invariance across time, gender, and life cycle stage. / Kilbourne, Barbara Stanek; Howell, Frank; England, Paula.

    In: Social Science Research, Vol. 19, No. 1, 1990, p. 62-81.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Kilbourne, Barbara Stanek ; Howell, Frank ; England, Paula. / A measurement model for subjective marital solidarity : Invariance across time, gender, and life cycle stage. In: Social Science Research. 1990 ; Vol. 19, No. 1. pp. 62-81.
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