A Lagrangian study of the Antarctic polar vortex

F. Paparella, A. Babiano, C. Basdevant, A. Provenzale, P. Tanga

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Abstract

We study the dynamics of passively advected tracers in the Antarctic polar vortex, using the wind fields provided by the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts' (ECMWF) analysis from August to October 1993. Advection on both isopycnal (0.0938 kg/m3) and isentropic surfaces (470°K) is considered. A new definition of the vortex edge, identified as the maximum of kinetic energy, is compared with the definition based on the maximum gradient of Ertel potential vorticity. Using the kinetic energy criterion, we study the permeability of the polar vortex in the framework of the launch strategy of the Stratospheric Eole (Strateole) polar ozone experiment. We compare the dynamics of balloons launched from the latitudes corresponding to three different possible launching sites for the Strateole experiment, and we provide a quantitative estimate of the probability that a passive tracer may cross the vortex edge, confirming the strong impermeability of the polar vortex to inward and outward particle motions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number96JD03377
Pages (from-to)6765-6773
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres
Volume102
Issue numberD6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1997

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Forestry
  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Palaeontology

Cite this

Paparella, F., Babiano, A., Basdevant, C., Provenzale, A., & Tanga, P. (1997). A Lagrangian study of the Antarctic polar vortex. Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres, 102(D6), 6765-6773. [96JD03377]. https://doi.org/10.1029/96JD03377