A kiss is not a kiss

Visually evoked neuromagnetic fields reveal differential sensitivities to brief presentations of kissing couples

Gregory B. Cogan, Sheril R. Kirshenbaum, Jeffrey Walker, David Poeppel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

With a few exceptions, the literature on face recognition and its neural basis derives from the presentation of single faces. However, in many ecologically typical situations, we see more than one face, in different communicative contexts. One of the principal ways in which we interact using our faces is kissing. Although there is no obvious taxonomy of kissing, we kiss in various interpersonal situations (greeting, ceremony, sex), with different goals and partners. Here, we assess the visual cortical responses elicited by viewing different couples kissing with different intents. The study thus lies at the nexus of face recognition, action recognition, and social neuroscience. Magnetoencephalography data were recorded from nine participants in a passive viewing paradigm. We presented images of couples kissing, with the images differing along two dimensions, kiss type and couple type. We quantified event-related field amplitudes and latencies. In each participant, the canonical sequence of event-related fields was observed, including an M100, an M170, and a later M400 response. The earliest two responses were significantly modulated in latency (M100) or amplitude (M170) by the sex composition of the images (with male-male and female-female pairings yielding faster latency M100 and larger amplitude M170 responses). In contrast, kiss type showed no modulation of any brain response. The early cortical-evoked fields that we typically associate with the presentation and analysis of single faces are differentially sensitive to complex social and action information in face pairs that are kissing. The early responses, typically associated with perceptual analysis, exhibit a consistent grouping and suggest a high and rapid sensitivity to the composition of the kissing pairs. NeuroReport 26:850-855

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)850-855
Number of pages6
JournalNeuroReport
Volume26
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 7 2015

Fingerprint

Magnetoencephalography
Neurosciences
Brain
Facial Recognition
Nexus

Keywords

  • Action recognition
  • Face recognition
  • M170
  • Magnetoencephalography
  • N170
  • N400
  • Social neuroscience

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

A kiss is not a kiss : Visually evoked neuromagnetic fields reveal differential sensitivities to brief presentations of kissing couples. / Cogan, Gregory B.; Kirshenbaum, Sheril R.; Walker, Jeffrey; Poeppel, David.

In: NeuroReport, Vol. 26, No. 14, 07.09.2015, p. 850-855.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{a016bb21cf8446e89b124ae5a52654b5,
title = "A kiss is not a kiss: Visually evoked neuromagnetic fields reveal differential sensitivities to brief presentations of kissing couples",
abstract = "With a few exceptions, the literature on face recognition and its neural basis derives from the presentation of single faces. However, in many ecologically typical situations, we see more than one face, in different communicative contexts. One of the principal ways in which we interact using our faces is kissing. Although there is no obvious taxonomy of kissing, we kiss in various interpersonal situations (greeting, ceremony, sex), with different goals and partners. Here, we assess the visual cortical responses elicited by viewing different couples kissing with different intents. The study thus lies at the nexus of face recognition, action recognition, and social neuroscience. Magnetoencephalography data were recorded from nine participants in a passive viewing paradigm. We presented images of couples kissing, with the images differing along two dimensions, kiss type and couple type. We quantified event-related field amplitudes and latencies. In each participant, the canonical sequence of event-related fields was observed, including an M100, an M170, and a later M400 response. The earliest two responses were significantly modulated in latency (M100) or amplitude (M170) by the sex composition of the images (with male-male and female-female pairings yielding faster latency M100 and larger amplitude M170 responses). In contrast, kiss type showed no modulation of any brain response. The early cortical-evoked fields that we typically associate with the presentation and analysis of single faces are differentially sensitive to complex social and action information in face pairs that are kissing. The early responses, typically associated with perceptual analysis, exhibit a consistent grouping and suggest a high and rapid sensitivity to the composition of the kissing pairs. NeuroReport 26:850-855",
keywords = "Action recognition, Face recognition, M170, Magnetoencephalography, N170, N400, Social neuroscience",
author = "Cogan, {Gregory B.} and Kirshenbaum, {Sheril R.} and Jeffrey Walker and David Poeppel",
year = "2015",
month = "9",
day = "7",
doi = "10.1097/WNR.0000000000000435",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "26",
pages = "850--855",
journal = "NeuroReport",
issn = "0959-4965",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams and Wilkins",
number = "14",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A kiss is not a kiss

T2 - Visually evoked neuromagnetic fields reveal differential sensitivities to brief presentations of kissing couples

AU - Cogan, Gregory B.

AU - Kirshenbaum, Sheril R.

AU - Walker, Jeffrey

AU - Poeppel, David

PY - 2015/9/7

Y1 - 2015/9/7

N2 - With a few exceptions, the literature on face recognition and its neural basis derives from the presentation of single faces. However, in many ecologically typical situations, we see more than one face, in different communicative contexts. One of the principal ways in which we interact using our faces is kissing. Although there is no obvious taxonomy of kissing, we kiss in various interpersonal situations (greeting, ceremony, sex), with different goals and partners. Here, we assess the visual cortical responses elicited by viewing different couples kissing with different intents. The study thus lies at the nexus of face recognition, action recognition, and social neuroscience. Magnetoencephalography data were recorded from nine participants in a passive viewing paradigm. We presented images of couples kissing, with the images differing along two dimensions, kiss type and couple type. We quantified event-related field amplitudes and latencies. In each participant, the canonical sequence of event-related fields was observed, including an M100, an M170, and a later M400 response. The earliest two responses were significantly modulated in latency (M100) or amplitude (M170) by the sex composition of the images (with male-male and female-female pairings yielding faster latency M100 and larger amplitude M170 responses). In contrast, kiss type showed no modulation of any brain response. The early cortical-evoked fields that we typically associate with the presentation and analysis of single faces are differentially sensitive to complex social and action information in face pairs that are kissing. The early responses, typically associated with perceptual analysis, exhibit a consistent grouping and suggest a high and rapid sensitivity to the composition of the kissing pairs. NeuroReport 26:850-855

AB - With a few exceptions, the literature on face recognition and its neural basis derives from the presentation of single faces. However, in many ecologically typical situations, we see more than one face, in different communicative contexts. One of the principal ways in which we interact using our faces is kissing. Although there is no obvious taxonomy of kissing, we kiss in various interpersonal situations (greeting, ceremony, sex), with different goals and partners. Here, we assess the visual cortical responses elicited by viewing different couples kissing with different intents. The study thus lies at the nexus of face recognition, action recognition, and social neuroscience. Magnetoencephalography data were recorded from nine participants in a passive viewing paradigm. We presented images of couples kissing, with the images differing along two dimensions, kiss type and couple type. We quantified event-related field amplitudes and latencies. In each participant, the canonical sequence of event-related fields was observed, including an M100, an M170, and a later M400 response. The earliest two responses were significantly modulated in latency (M100) or amplitude (M170) by the sex composition of the images (with male-male and female-female pairings yielding faster latency M100 and larger amplitude M170 responses). In contrast, kiss type showed no modulation of any brain response. The early cortical-evoked fields that we typically associate with the presentation and analysis of single faces are differentially sensitive to complex social and action information in face pairs that are kissing. The early responses, typically associated with perceptual analysis, exhibit a consistent grouping and suggest a high and rapid sensitivity to the composition of the kissing pairs. NeuroReport 26:850-855

KW - Action recognition

KW - Face recognition

KW - M170

KW - Magnetoencephalography

KW - N170

KW - N400

KW - Social neuroscience

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84940945798&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84940945798&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1097/WNR.0000000000000435

DO - 10.1097/WNR.0000000000000435

M3 - Article

VL - 26

SP - 850

EP - 855

JO - NeuroReport

JF - NeuroReport

SN - 0959-4965

IS - 14

ER -