A jet model for the fast IR variability of the black hole X-ray binary GX 339-4

Julien Malzac, Maithili Kalamkar, Federico Vincentelli, Alexis Vue, Samia Drappeau, Renaud Belmont, Piergiorgio Casella, Maïca Clavel, Stphane Corbel, Mickaël Coriat, Damien Dornic, Jonathan Ferreira, Gilles Henri, Thomas J. Maccarone, Alexandre Marcowith, Kieran O'Brien, Mathias Péault, Pierre Olivier Petrucci, Jérome Rodriguez, Dave Russell & 1 others Phil Uttley

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Using the simultaneous Infra-Red (IR) and X-ray light curves obtained by Kalamkar et al., we perform a Fourier analysis of the IR/X-ray timing correlations of the black hole X-ray binary (BHB) GX 339-4. The resulting IR vs X-ray Fourier coherence and lag spectra are similar to those obtained in previous studies of GX 339-4 using optical light curves. In particular, above 1 Hz, the lag spectrum features an approximately constant IR lag of about 100 ms. We model simultaneously the radio to IR Spectral Energy Distribution (SED), the IR Power Spectral Density (PSD), and the coherence and lag spectra using the jet internal shock model ISHEM assuming that the fluctuations of the jet Lorentz factor are driven by the accretion flow. It turns out that most of the spectral and timing features, including the 100-ms lag, are remarkably well-reproduced by this model. The 100-ms time-scale is then associated with the travel time from the accretion flow to the IR emitting zone. Our exploration of the parameter space favours a jet which is at most mildly relativistic (Γ < 3), and a linear and positive relation between the jet Lorentz factor and X-ray light curve i.e. Γ(t) - 1∝LX(t). The presence of a strong Low-Frequency Quasi-Periodic Oscillation (LFQPO) in the IR light curve could be caused by jet precession driven by Lense-Thirring precession of the jet-emitting accretion flow. Our simulations confirm that this mechanism can produce an IR LFQPO similar to that observed in GX 339-4.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)2054-2071
    Number of pages18
    JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
    Volume480
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Oct 1 2018

    Fingerprint

    time lag
    light curve
    x rays
    accretion
    precession
    oscillation
    time measurement
    low frequencies
    oscillations
    Fourier analysis
    spectral energy distribution
    travel time
    travel
    shock
    radio
    timescale
    simulation
    energy

    Keywords

    • Accretion
    • Accretion discs
    • Black hole physics
    • Infrared: stars
    • Shock waves
    • Stars: jets
    • X-rays: binaries

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Astronomy and Astrophysics
    • Space and Planetary Science

    Cite this

    Malzac, J., Kalamkar, M., Vincentelli, F., Vue, A., Drappeau, S., Belmont, R., ... Uttley, P. (2018). A jet model for the fast IR variability of the black hole X-ray binary GX 339-4. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 480(2), 2054-2071. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/sty2006

    A jet model for the fast IR variability of the black hole X-ray binary GX 339-4. / Malzac, Julien; Kalamkar, Maithili; Vincentelli, Federico; Vue, Alexis; Drappeau, Samia; Belmont, Renaud; Casella, Piergiorgio; Clavel, Maïca; Corbel, Stphane; Coriat, Mickaël; Dornic, Damien; Ferreira, Jonathan; Henri, Gilles; Maccarone, Thomas J.; Marcowith, Alexandre; O'Brien, Kieran; Péault, Mathias; Petrucci, Pierre Olivier; Rodriguez, Jérome; Russell, Dave; Uttley, Phil.

    In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 480, No. 2, 01.10.2018, p. 2054-2071.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Malzac, J, Kalamkar, M, Vincentelli, F, Vue, A, Drappeau, S, Belmont, R, Casella, P, Clavel, M, Corbel, S, Coriat, M, Dornic, D, Ferreira, J, Henri, G, Maccarone, TJ, Marcowith, A, O'Brien, K, Péault, M, Petrucci, PO, Rodriguez, J, Russell, D & Uttley, P 2018, 'A jet model for the fast IR variability of the black hole X-ray binary GX 339-4', Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, vol. 480, no. 2, pp. 2054-2071. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/sty2006
    Malzac, Julien ; Kalamkar, Maithili ; Vincentelli, Federico ; Vue, Alexis ; Drappeau, Samia ; Belmont, Renaud ; Casella, Piergiorgio ; Clavel, Maïca ; Corbel, Stphane ; Coriat, Mickaël ; Dornic, Damien ; Ferreira, Jonathan ; Henri, Gilles ; Maccarone, Thomas J. ; Marcowith, Alexandre ; O'Brien, Kieran ; Péault, Mathias ; Petrucci, Pierre Olivier ; Rodriguez, Jérome ; Russell, Dave ; Uttley, Phil. / A jet model for the fast IR variability of the black hole X-ray binary GX 339-4. In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 2018 ; Vol. 480, No. 2. pp. 2054-2071.
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    AU - Malzac, Julien

    AU - Kalamkar, Maithili

    AU - Vincentelli, Federico

    AU - Vue, Alexis

    AU - Drappeau, Samia

    AU - Belmont, Renaud

    AU - Casella, Piergiorgio

    AU - Clavel, Maïca

    AU - Corbel, Stphane

    AU - Coriat, Mickaël

    AU - Dornic, Damien

    AU - Ferreira, Jonathan

    AU - Henri, Gilles

    AU - Maccarone, Thomas J.

    AU - Marcowith, Alexandre

    AU - O'Brien, Kieran

    AU - Péault, Mathias

    AU - Petrucci, Pierre Olivier

    AU - Rodriguez, Jérome

    AU - Russell, Dave

    AU - Uttley, Phil

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    KW - Accretion discs

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    KW - Infrared: stars

    KW - Shock waves

    KW - Stars: jets

    KW - X-rays: binaries

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