A housing mobility program's impacts on teen and young adult parenting

Taleria R. Fuller, Matt Sciandra, Emilia H. Koumans, Sheree L. Boulet, Lee Warner, Shanna Cox, Lisa Gennetian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: To assess the impact of Moving to Opportunity for Fair Housing Demonstration Program (MTO) implemented in 1994 in five U.S. cities (Baltimore, Boston, Chicago, Los Angeles, and New York City) on teen births. Methods: We analyzed baseline and long-term evaluation data for youth (ages 13–20) and young adults (ages 21–30) (N = 7861) who were children or teens at baseline. We used regression analyses to estimate the impact of housing vouchers on having a teen birth. Results: Overall, MTO had no significant effect on teen births. However, among young adults whose parent had a child before age 20, the proportion with a teen birth themselves was 21% lower among those offered housing vouchers to low-poverty neighborhoods with no restrictions compared to those not offered housing vouchers (p < 0.05). Conclusion: MTO appeared to decrease intergenerational teen births among young adults. Further exploration of housing relocation may help untangle risks and protective factors for reducing intergenerational teen births. Public health implications: Reducing intergenerational teen births is important, especially among those facing economic, environmental, and health risks. Comprehensive programs addressing multiple social determinants of health are vital to reducing teen births.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number100451
JournalSSM - Population Health
Volume9
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2019

Fingerprint

Parenting
young adult
Young Adult
housing
Parturition
Social Determinants of Health
move
health risk
Baltimore
Los Angeles
Environmental Health
Poverty
parents
data analysis
public health
poverty
determinants
regression
Public Health
Regression Analysis

Keywords

  • African Americans
  • Housing relocation
  • Neighborhood context
  • Poverty
  • Social determinants of health
  • Teen births
  • Teen pregnancy
  • United States

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Fuller, T. R., Sciandra, M., Koumans, E. H., Boulet, S. L., Warner, L., Cox, S., & Gennetian, L. (2019). A housing mobility program's impacts on teen and young adult parenting. SSM - Population Health, 9, [100451]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssmph.2019.100451

A housing mobility program's impacts on teen and young adult parenting. / Fuller, Taleria R.; Sciandra, Matt; Koumans, Emilia H.; Boulet, Sheree L.; Warner, Lee; Cox, Shanna; Gennetian, Lisa.

In: SSM - Population Health, Vol. 9, 100451, 01.12.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Fuller TR, Sciandra M, Koumans EH, Boulet SL, Warner L, Cox S et al. A housing mobility program's impacts on teen and young adult parenting. SSM - Population Health. 2019 Dec 1;9. 100451. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssmph.2019.100451
Fuller, Taleria R. ; Sciandra, Matt ; Koumans, Emilia H. ; Boulet, Sheree L. ; Warner, Lee ; Cox, Shanna ; Gennetian, Lisa. / A housing mobility program's impacts on teen and young adult parenting. In: SSM - Population Health. 2019 ; Vol. 9.
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