A histomorphometric study of nanothickness and plasma-sprayed calcium-phosphorous-coated implant surfaces in rabbit bone

Alessandro Quaranta, Giovanna Iezzi, Antonio Scarano, Paulo G. Coelho, Iole Vozza, Mauro Marincola, Adriano Piattelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Novelimplant surface treatments with a nanothickness bioactive ceramic deposition onto rough surfaces have been recently introduced. This study aims to evaluate histologically and histomorphometrically (bone-to-implant contact [BIC] and bone area fraction occupancy [BAFO]) the early bone response to plasma-sprayed calcium-phosphate (PSCaP)-coated versus a 300- to 500-nm thickness bioactive ceramic nano-coated plateau root form implants in a rabbit femur model. Methods: A total of 48 plateau root form implants were bilaterally placed in the distal aspect of the femur of 12 white New Zealand rabbits, remaining for 20, 30, and 60 days in vivo (n = 4 animals per time in vivo, n = 2 implants per surface per animal). After sacrifice, the implants in bone were non-decalcified processed to slides of approximately 30 μm thickness, and were morphologically and morphometrically (BIC and BAFO) evaluated. Results: Higher degrees of bone structural organization were temporally observed for the PSCaP surface compared to the nano surface over time. BIC and BAFO was significantly higher (P<0.05) for PSCaP at all implantation times evaluated. Conclusions: Within the limits of this study it is possible to state that bioactive ceramic coatings of both thicknesses were biocompatible and osteoconductive. However, the early bone response was favored by the presence of the thicker PSCaP coating.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)556-561
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of periodontology
Volume81
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2010

Keywords

  • Animal research
  • Biocompatible materials
  • Ceramics
  • Dental implants
  • Histology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Periodontics

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'A histomorphometric study of nanothickness and plasma-sprayed calcium-phosphorous-coated implant surfaces in rabbit bone'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this