A data-driven framework to estimate saving potential of buildings in demand response events

X. Yu, S. Ergan

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

In the U.S., the increasing electricity demand gives pressure on the power grids because of its limited capacity to serve demand. Instead of building new power plants to meet the increasing demand, Demand Response (DR) programs incentivize end-consumers to reduce certain electricity demand during certain periods (e.g., peak demand and emergency times). In the current practice, saving potential of buildings, i.e., the amount of electricity that end-consumers can save during an event, is usually determined using the technical specifications of equipment installed, which is unrealistic and leads to over or underestimation of the expected saving potential. In this study, the authors developed a data-driven framework to quantify the electricity saving potential in buildings. The framework was applied to nineteen campus buildings. Several prediction algorithms were used to fit models to the integrated datasets of these buildings, and models were evaluated using four criteria to avoid over-fitting and under-fitting. The best performance of the models resulting in 0.86 of R2, which represents high capability to quantify the electricity saving potential. The contribution of this study is the proposed data-driven framework, which provides facility operators with reliable tools to accurately quantify saving potential of buildings. The conducted case study using the framework on 19 test buildings showed that facility operators could avoid unnecessary penalties by eliminating them to sign up for unrealistic targets, and help them to gain the most value out of the DR programs by knowing the true potential of their buildings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018
Event35th International Symposium on Automation and Robotics in Construction and International AEC/FM Hackathon: The Future of Building Things, ISARC 2018 - Berlin, Germany
Duration: Jul 20 2018Jul 25 2018

Other

Other35th International Symposium on Automation and Robotics in Construction and International AEC/FM Hackathon: The Future of Building Things, ISARC 2018
CountryGermany
CityBerlin
Period7/20/187/25/18

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Keywords

  • Ada boost
  • Data-driven
  • Decision trees
  • Demand response
  • Electricity saving potential
  • Energy efficiency
  • Facility management
  • Random forest

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Building and Construction

Cite this

Yu, X., & Ergan, S. (2018). A data-driven framework to estimate saving potential of buildings in demand response events. Paper presented at 35th International Symposium on Automation and Robotics in Construction and International AEC/FM Hackathon: The Future of Building Things, ISARC 2018, Berlin, Germany.