A cross-sectional examination of response inhibition and working memory on the Stroop task

Natasha Duell, Grace Icenogle, Karol Silva, Jason Chein, Laurence Steinberg, Marie T. Banich, Laura Di Guinta, Kenneth A. Dodge, Kostas A. Fanti, Jennifer E. Lansford, Paul Oburu, Concetta Pastorelli, Ann T. Skinner, Emma Sorbring, Sombat Tapanya, Liliana Maria Uribe Tirado, Liane Peña Alampay, Suha M. Al-Hassan, Hanan M.S. Takash, Dario Bacchini & 2 others Lei Chang, Nandita Chaudhary

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    The authors examined the association between working memory and response inhibition on the Stroop task using a cross-sectional, international sample of 5099 individuals (49.3% male) ages 10–30 (M = 17.04 years; SD = 5.9). Response inhibition was measured using a Stroop task that included “equal” and “unequal” blocks, during which the relative frequency of neutral and incongruent trials was manipulated. Competing stimuli in incongruent trials evinced inhibitory functioning, and having a lower proportion of incongruent trials (as in unequal blocks) placed higher demands on working memory. Results for accuracy indicated that age and working memory were independently associated with response inhibition. Age differences in response inhibition followed a curvilinear trajectory, with performance improving into early adulthood. Response inhibition was greatest among individuals with high working memory. For response time, age uniquely predicted response inhibition in unequal blocks. In equal blocks, age differences in response inhibition varied as a function of working memory, with age differences being least pronounced among individuals with high working memory. The implications of considering the association between response inhibition and working memory in the context of development are discussed.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)19-31
    Number of pages13
    JournalCognitive Development
    Volume47
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jul 1 2018

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    Short-Term Memory
    Inhibition (Psychology)
    Reaction Time

    Keywords

    • Development
    • Response inhibition
    • Stroop
    • Working memory

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
    • Developmental and Educational Psychology

    Cite this

    Duell, N., Icenogle, G., Silva, K., Chein, J., Steinberg, L., Banich, M. T., ... Chaudhary, N. (2018). A cross-sectional examination of response inhibition and working memory on the Stroop task. Cognitive Development, 47, 19-31. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cogdev.2018.02.003

    A cross-sectional examination of response inhibition and working memory on the Stroop task. / Duell, Natasha; Icenogle, Grace; Silva, Karol; Chein, Jason; Steinberg, Laurence; Banich, Marie T.; Di Guinta, Laura; Dodge, Kenneth A.; Fanti, Kostas A.; Lansford, Jennifer E.; Oburu, Paul; Pastorelli, Concetta; Skinner, Ann T.; Sorbring, Emma; Tapanya, Sombat; Uribe Tirado, Liliana Maria; Alampay, Liane Peña; Al-Hassan, Suha M.; Takash, Hanan M.S.; Bacchini, Dario; Chang, Lei; Chaudhary, Nandita.

    In: Cognitive Development, Vol. 47, 01.07.2018, p. 19-31.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Duell, N, Icenogle, G, Silva, K, Chein, J, Steinberg, L, Banich, MT, Di Guinta, L, Dodge, KA, Fanti, KA, Lansford, JE, Oburu, P, Pastorelli, C, Skinner, AT, Sorbring, E, Tapanya, S, Uribe Tirado, LM, Alampay, LP, Al-Hassan, SM, Takash, HMS, Bacchini, D, Chang, L & Chaudhary, N 2018, 'A cross-sectional examination of response inhibition and working memory on the Stroop task', Cognitive Development, vol. 47, pp. 19-31. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cogdev.2018.02.003
    Duell, Natasha ; Icenogle, Grace ; Silva, Karol ; Chein, Jason ; Steinberg, Laurence ; Banich, Marie T. ; Di Guinta, Laura ; Dodge, Kenneth A. ; Fanti, Kostas A. ; Lansford, Jennifer E. ; Oburu, Paul ; Pastorelli, Concetta ; Skinner, Ann T. ; Sorbring, Emma ; Tapanya, Sombat ; Uribe Tirado, Liliana Maria ; Alampay, Liane Peña ; Al-Hassan, Suha M. ; Takash, Hanan M.S. ; Bacchini, Dario ; Chang, Lei ; Chaudhary, Nandita. / A cross-sectional examination of response inhibition and working memory on the Stroop task. In: Cognitive Development. 2018 ; Vol. 47. pp. 19-31.
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