A control model of active magnetic bearings

Michael G. Farmakopoulos, Michalis D. Thanou, Pantelis G. Nikolakopoulos, Chris A. Papadopoulos, Antonios Tzes

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    Abstract

    Active magnetic bearings (AMBs) support a rotating shaft, inside a stator, contactless. Their major benefit in respect to hydrodynamic journal bearings is the possibility of operating in much higher rotational speeds (above 20.000 RPM). This is due to the fact that, their angular velocity is only limited by the strength of the shaft material and always they have stabilized operation without any mechanic contact. Also, AMBs are resulting in long life time, without the use of any lubrication system, eliminating thus the complexity of the lubricant network and promoting green operation of the rotating machines. Furthermore, the electromagnetic bearings are active elements that allow the measurement and the control of the position of the shaft, targeting in most accurate equilibrium positions, in terms of the shaft operation. Therefore, a suitable control system is required for a magnetic bearing, to exploit the above advantageous operational characteristics. In this study, the model of the control system of a Magnetic Bearing in terms of sensors and power amplifiers is presented and its design guidelines are explicitly described. As a first step, the non linear equation of the movement of the shaft inside the magnetic bearing, in one direction (y-axis), is introduced. Then, the linearization of this particular equation in a specific equilibrium point is performed and presented. Consequentially, the linear equation is transformed via Laplace method and the model of the Active Magnetic Bearing is finally developed. In addition to these, the sensor and the power amplifiers are modeled, to simulate the AMB system as a whole. The Matlab software is used to simulate the components that the AMB is consisted of. The P, I and D gains are the result of this simulations, which are produced via robust control method, in Single-Input-Single-Output (SISO) tool module of Matlab. At the end, the Simulink module of Matlab is energized to check the control characteristics of the developed AMB system, taking into account the non-linear equations of the electromagnetic forces and the saturation of the coils. The rotor response, the overshoot, the rotor centre vibration are controlled using the above produced P, I and D gains. Several plots are constructed and presented to show the AMB control possibility with the aforementioned methodology.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Title of host publicationEngineering Against Failure - Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference of Engineering Against Failure, ICEAF 2013
    PublisherUniversity of Patras, Laboratory of Technology and Strength of Materials
    Pages703-715
    Number of pages13
    ISBN (Print)9789608810433
    StatePublished - Jan 1 2013
    Event3rd International Conference of Engineering Against Failure, ICEAF 2013 - Kos, Greece
    Duration: Jun 26 2013Jun 28 2013

    Other

    Other3rd International Conference of Engineering Against Failure, ICEAF 2013
    CountryGreece
    CityKos
    Period6/26/136/28/13

    Fingerprint

    Magnetic bearings
    Power amplifiers
    Nonlinear equations
    Bearings (structural)
    Rotors
    Control systems
    Journal bearings
    Sensors
    Angular velocity
    Robust control
    Linear equations
    Linearization
    Stators
    Lubrication
    Lubricants
    Mechanics
    Hydrodynamics

    Keywords

    • Active magnetic bearings
    • AMB
    • Control
    • PID
    • Rotor

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

    Cite this

    Farmakopoulos, M. G., Thanou, M. D., Nikolakopoulos, P. G., Papadopoulos, C. A., & Tzes, A. (2013). A control model of active magnetic bearings. In Engineering Against Failure - Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference of Engineering Against Failure, ICEAF 2013 (pp. 703-715). University of Patras, Laboratory of Technology and Strength of Materials.

    A control model of active magnetic bearings. / Farmakopoulos, Michael G.; Thanou, Michalis D.; Nikolakopoulos, Pantelis G.; Papadopoulos, Chris A.; Tzes, Antonios.

    Engineering Against Failure - Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference of Engineering Against Failure, ICEAF 2013. University of Patras, Laboratory of Technology and Strength of Materials, 2013. p. 703-715.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    Farmakopoulos, MG, Thanou, MD, Nikolakopoulos, PG, Papadopoulos, CA & Tzes, A 2013, A control model of active magnetic bearings. in Engineering Against Failure - Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference of Engineering Against Failure, ICEAF 2013. University of Patras, Laboratory of Technology and Strength of Materials, pp. 703-715, 3rd International Conference of Engineering Against Failure, ICEAF 2013, Kos, Greece, 6/26/13.
    Farmakopoulos MG, Thanou MD, Nikolakopoulos PG, Papadopoulos CA, Tzes A. A control model of active magnetic bearings. In Engineering Against Failure - Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference of Engineering Against Failure, ICEAF 2013. University of Patras, Laboratory of Technology and Strength of Materials. 2013. p. 703-715
    Farmakopoulos, Michael G. ; Thanou, Michalis D. ; Nikolakopoulos, Pantelis G. ; Papadopoulos, Chris A. ; Tzes, Antonios. / A control model of active magnetic bearings. Engineering Against Failure - Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference of Engineering Against Failure, ICEAF 2013. University of Patras, Laboratory of Technology and Strength of Materials, 2013. pp. 703-715
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    AU - Thanou, Michalis D.

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    AU - Tzes, Antonios

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    N2 - Active magnetic bearings (AMBs) support a rotating shaft, inside a stator, contactless. Their major benefit in respect to hydrodynamic journal bearings is the possibility of operating in much higher rotational speeds (above 20.000 RPM). This is due to the fact that, their angular velocity is only limited by the strength of the shaft material and always they have stabilized operation without any mechanic contact. Also, AMBs are resulting in long life time, without the use of any lubrication system, eliminating thus the complexity of the lubricant network and promoting green operation of the rotating machines. Furthermore, the electromagnetic bearings are active elements that allow the measurement and the control of the position of the shaft, targeting in most accurate equilibrium positions, in terms of the shaft operation. Therefore, a suitable control system is required for a magnetic bearing, to exploit the above advantageous operational characteristics. In this study, the model of the control system of a Magnetic Bearing in terms of sensors and power amplifiers is presented and its design guidelines are explicitly described. As a first step, the non linear equation of the movement of the shaft inside the magnetic bearing, in one direction (y-axis), is introduced. Then, the linearization of this particular equation in a specific equilibrium point is performed and presented. Consequentially, the linear equation is transformed via Laplace method and the model of the Active Magnetic Bearing is finally developed. In addition to these, the sensor and the power amplifiers are modeled, to simulate the AMB system as a whole. The Matlab software is used to simulate the components that the AMB is consisted of. The P, I and D gains are the result of this simulations, which are produced via robust control method, in Single-Input-Single-Output (SISO) tool module of Matlab. At the end, the Simulink module of Matlab is energized to check the control characteristics of the developed AMB system, taking into account the non-linear equations of the electromagnetic forces and the saturation of the coils. The rotor response, the overshoot, the rotor centre vibration are controlled using the above produced P, I and D gains. Several plots are constructed and presented to show the AMB control possibility with the aforementioned methodology.

    AB - Active magnetic bearings (AMBs) support a rotating shaft, inside a stator, contactless. Their major benefit in respect to hydrodynamic journal bearings is the possibility of operating in much higher rotational speeds (above 20.000 RPM). This is due to the fact that, their angular velocity is only limited by the strength of the shaft material and always they have stabilized operation without any mechanic contact. Also, AMBs are resulting in long life time, without the use of any lubrication system, eliminating thus the complexity of the lubricant network and promoting green operation of the rotating machines. Furthermore, the electromagnetic bearings are active elements that allow the measurement and the control of the position of the shaft, targeting in most accurate equilibrium positions, in terms of the shaft operation. Therefore, a suitable control system is required for a magnetic bearing, to exploit the above advantageous operational characteristics. In this study, the model of the control system of a Magnetic Bearing in terms of sensors and power amplifiers is presented and its design guidelines are explicitly described. As a first step, the non linear equation of the movement of the shaft inside the magnetic bearing, in one direction (y-axis), is introduced. Then, the linearization of this particular equation in a specific equilibrium point is performed and presented. Consequentially, the linear equation is transformed via Laplace method and the model of the Active Magnetic Bearing is finally developed. In addition to these, the sensor and the power amplifiers are modeled, to simulate the AMB system as a whole. The Matlab software is used to simulate the components that the AMB is consisted of. The P, I and D gains are the result of this simulations, which are produced via robust control method, in Single-Input-Single-Output (SISO) tool module of Matlab. At the end, the Simulink module of Matlab is energized to check the control characteristics of the developed AMB system, taking into account the non-linear equations of the electromagnetic forces and the saturation of the coils. The rotor response, the overshoot, the rotor centre vibration are controlled using the above produced P, I and D gains. Several plots are constructed and presented to show the AMB control possibility with the aforementioned methodology.

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