A comparative study of interventions for delaying the initiation of sexual intercourse among Latino and black youth

Vincent Guilamo-Ramos, James Jaccard, Patricia Dittus, Alida Bouris, Bernardo Gonzalez, Eileen Casillas, Stephen Banspach

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Context: Latino and black adolescents are disproportionately affected by STDs, including HIV, and unintended pregnancies. Few parent-based interventions have targeted these youth, focused on early adolescence and had high participation rates. Methods: Between 2003 and 2009, a randomized clinical trial was conducted with 2,016 Latino and black mother-adolescent dyads in New York City. Adolescents were eligible if they were in grade 6 or 7. Dyads were assigned to one of three conditions: a parent-based intervention, Families Talking Together (FTT); an adolescent-only intervention, Making a Difference! (MAD); or a combined FTT+MAD intervention. Respondents completed questionnaires at baseline and 12 months later. Single-degree-of-freedom contrasts and logistic regression analysis were used to evaluate differences in outcomes by intervention. Results: The proportion of youth who reported ever having engaged in vaginal intercourse increased over the study period by eight percentage points among those in the MAD group, five points in the FTT group and three points in the combined group; the differences among these increases were not statistically significant. Adolescents in the two FTT groups were significantly more likely than those in the MAD group to indicate that their mother had talked to them about not having intercourse (79% vs. 68%). They also scored higher than youth in the MAD group on measures of communication and perceived maternal attributes, and lower on activities that might lead to risky behaviors. Conclusions: The proportions of adolescents who initiated intercourse during the study period were not significantly different across groups, implying that the interventions were comparable. Findings suggest that FTT may have led to improved parenting behaviors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)247-254
Number of pages8
JournalPerspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
Volume43
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2011

Fingerprint

Coitus
Hispanic Americans
adolescent
Group
dyad
parents
Mothers
adolescence
pregnancy
regression analysis
Parenting
school grade
logistics
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
participation
questionnaire
communication
Randomized Controlled Trials
Logistic Models
Communication

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

A comparative study of interventions for delaying the initiation of sexual intercourse among Latino and black youth. / Guilamo-Ramos, Vincent; Jaccard, James; Dittus, Patricia; Bouris, Alida; Gonzalez, Bernardo; Casillas, Eileen; Banspach, Stephen.

In: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, Vol. 43, No. 4, 12.2011, p. 247-254.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Guilamo-Ramos, Vincent ; Jaccard, James ; Dittus, Patricia ; Bouris, Alida ; Gonzalez, Bernardo ; Casillas, Eileen ; Banspach, Stephen. / A comparative study of interventions for delaying the initiation of sexual intercourse among Latino and black youth. In: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health. 2011 ; Vol. 43, No. 4. pp. 247-254.
@article{0ffeac33a38f44fea456f482aea5fb92,
title = "A comparative study of interventions for delaying the initiation of sexual intercourse among Latino and black youth",
abstract = "Context: Latino and black adolescents are disproportionately affected by STDs, including HIV, and unintended pregnancies. Few parent-based interventions have targeted these youth, focused on early adolescence and had high participation rates. Methods: Between 2003 and 2009, a randomized clinical trial was conducted with 2,016 Latino and black mother-adolescent dyads in New York City. Adolescents were eligible if they were in grade 6 or 7. Dyads were assigned to one of three conditions: a parent-based intervention, Families Talking Together (FTT); an adolescent-only intervention, Making a Difference! (MAD); or a combined FTT+MAD intervention. Respondents completed questionnaires at baseline and 12 months later. Single-degree-of-freedom contrasts and logistic regression analysis were used to evaluate differences in outcomes by intervention. Results: The proportion of youth who reported ever having engaged in vaginal intercourse increased over the study period by eight percentage points among those in the MAD group, five points in the FTT group and three points in the combined group; the differences among these increases were not statistically significant. Adolescents in the two FTT groups were significantly more likely than those in the MAD group to indicate that their mother had talked to them about not having intercourse (79{\%} vs. 68{\%}). They also scored higher than youth in the MAD group on measures of communication and perceived maternal attributes, and lower on activities that might lead to risky behaviors. Conclusions: The proportions of adolescents who initiated intercourse during the study period were not significantly different across groups, implying that the interventions were comparable. Findings suggest that FTT may have led to improved parenting behaviors.",
author = "Vincent Guilamo-Ramos and James Jaccard and Patricia Dittus and Alida Bouris and Bernardo Gonzalez and Eileen Casillas and Stephen Banspach",
year = "2011",
month = "12",
doi = "10.1363/4324711",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "43",
pages = "247--254",
journal = "Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health",
issn = "1538-6341",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A comparative study of interventions for delaying the initiation of sexual intercourse among Latino and black youth

AU - Guilamo-Ramos, Vincent

AU - Jaccard, James

AU - Dittus, Patricia

AU - Bouris, Alida

AU - Gonzalez, Bernardo

AU - Casillas, Eileen

AU - Banspach, Stephen

PY - 2011/12

Y1 - 2011/12

N2 - Context: Latino and black adolescents are disproportionately affected by STDs, including HIV, and unintended pregnancies. Few parent-based interventions have targeted these youth, focused on early adolescence and had high participation rates. Methods: Between 2003 and 2009, a randomized clinical trial was conducted with 2,016 Latino and black mother-adolescent dyads in New York City. Adolescents were eligible if they were in grade 6 or 7. Dyads were assigned to one of three conditions: a parent-based intervention, Families Talking Together (FTT); an adolescent-only intervention, Making a Difference! (MAD); or a combined FTT+MAD intervention. Respondents completed questionnaires at baseline and 12 months later. Single-degree-of-freedom contrasts and logistic regression analysis were used to evaluate differences in outcomes by intervention. Results: The proportion of youth who reported ever having engaged in vaginal intercourse increased over the study period by eight percentage points among those in the MAD group, five points in the FTT group and three points in the combined group; the differences among these increases were not statistically significant. Adolescents in the two FTT groups were significantly more likely than those in the MAD group to indicate that their mother had talked to them about not having intercourse (79% vs. 68%). They also scored higher than youth in the MAD group on measures of communication and perceived maternal attributes, and lower on activities that might lead to risky behaviors. Conclusions: The proportions of adolescents who initiated intercourse during the study period were not significantly different across groups, implying that the interventions were comparable. Findings suggest that FTT may have led to improved parenting behaviors.

AB - Context: Latino and black adolescents are disproportionately affected by STDs, including HIV, and unintended pregnancies. Few parent-based interventions have targeted these youth, focused on early adolescence and had high participation rates. Methods: Between 2003 and 2009, a randomized clinical trial was conducted with 2,016 Latino and black mother-adolescent dyads in New York City. Adolescents were eligible if they were in grade 6 or 7. Dyads were assigned to one of three conditions: a parent-based intervention, Families Talking Together (FTT); an adolescent-only intervention, Making a Difference! (MAD); or a combined FTT+MAD intervention. Respondents completed questionnaires at baseline and 12 months later. Single-degree-of-freedom contrasts and logistic regression analysis were used to evaluate differences in outcomes by intervention. Results: The proportion of youth who reported ever having engaged in vaginal intercourse increased over the study period by eight percentage points among those in the MAD group, five points in the FTT group and three points in the combined group; the differences among these increases were not statistically significant. Adolescents in the two FTT groups were significantly more likely than those in the MAD group to indicate that their mother had talked to them about not having intercourse (79% vs. 68%). They also scored higher than youth in the MAD group on measures of communication and perceived maternal attributes, and lower on activities that might lead to risky behaviors. Conclusions: The proportions of adolescents who initiated intercourse during the study period were not significantly different across groups, implying that the interventions were comparable. Findings suggest that FTT may have led to improved parenting behaviors.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=83555162462&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=83555162462&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1363/4324711

DO - 10.1363/4324711

M3 - Article

VL - 43

SP - 247

EP - 254

JO - Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health

JF - Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health

SN - 1538-6341

IS - 4

ER -