A clean sightline to quiescence

Multiwavelength observations of the high Galactic latitude black hole X-ray binary Swift J1357.2-0933

Richard M. Plotkin, Elena Gallo, Peter G. Jonker, James C.A. Miller-Jones, Jeroen Homan, Teo Muñoz-Darias, Sera Markoff, Montserrat Armas Padilla, Rob Fender, Anthony P. Rushton, Dave Russell, Manuel A.P. Torres

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    We present coordinated multiwavelength observations of the high Galactic latitude (b=+50°) black holeX-ray binary (BHXB)Swift J1357.2-0933 in quiescence. Our broad-band spectrum includes strictly simultaneous radio and X-ray observations, and near-infrared, optical, and ultraviolet data taken 1-2 d later. We detect Swift J1357.2-0933 at all wavebands except for the radio (f5 GHz < 3.9 μJy beam-1; 3σrms). Given current constraints on the distance (2.3-6.3 kpc), its 0.5-10 keV X-ray flux corresponds to an Eddington ratio LX/LEdd = 4 × 10-9-3 × 10-8 (assuming a black hole mass of 10M). The broad-band spectrum is dominated by synchrotron radiation from a relativistic population of outflowing thermal electrons, which we argue to be a common signature of short-period quiescent BHXBs. Furthermore, we identify the frequency where the synchrotron radiation transitions from optically thick-to-thin (vb ≈ 2-5 × 1014 Hz), which is the most robust determination of a 'jet break' for a quiescent BHXB to date. Our interpretation relies on the presence of steep curvature in the ultraviolet spectrum, a frequency window made observable by the low amount of interstellar absorption along the line of sight. High Galactic latitude systems like Swift J1357.2-0933 with clean ultraviolet sightlines are crucial for understanding black hole accretion at low luminosities.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)2707-2716
    Number of pages10
    JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
    Volume456
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Mar 1 2016

    Fingerprint

    rays
    synchrotron radiation
    broadband
    ultraviolet spectra
    radio
    line of sight
    x rays
    luminosity
    curvature
    signatures
    near infrared
    accretion
    electron
    electrons
    radiation

    Keywords

    • Accretion, accretion discs
    • ISM: jets and outflows
    • Stars: individual: Swift J1357.2-0933
    • X-rays: binaries

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Astronomy and Astrophysics
    • Space and Planetary Science

    Cite this

    Plotkin, R. M., Gallo, E., Jonker, P. G., Miller-Jones, J. C. A., Homan, J., Muñoz-Darias, T., ... Torres, M. A. P. (2016). A clean sightline to quiescence: Multiwavelength observations of the high Galactic latitude black hole X-ray binary Swift J1357.2-0933. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 456(3), 2707-2716. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stv2861

    A clean sightline to quiescence : Multiwavelength observations of the high Galactic latitude black hole X-ray binary Swift J1357.2-0933. / Plotkin, Richard M.; Gallo, Elena; Jonker, Peter G.; Miller-Jones, James C.A.; Homan, Jeroen; Muñoz-Darias, Teo; Markoff, Sera; Padilla, Montserrat Armas; Fender, Rob; Rushton, Anthony P.; Russell, Dave; Torres, Manuel A.P.

    In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 456, No. 3, 01.03.2016, p. 2707-2716.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Plotkin, RM, Gallo, E, Jonker, PG, Miller-Jones, JCA, Homan, J, Muñoz-Darias, T, Markoff, S, Padilla, MA, Fender, R, Rushton, AP, Russell, D & Torres, MAP 2016, 'A clean sightline to quiescence: Multiwavelength observations of the high Galactic latitude black hole X-ray binary Swift J1357.2-0933', Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, vol. 456, no. 3, pp. 2707-2716. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stv2861
    Plotkin, Richard M. ; Gallo, Elena ; Jonker, Peter G. ; Miller-Jones, James C.A. ; Homan, Jeroen ; Muñoz-Darias, Teo ; Markoff, Sera ; Padilla, Montserrat Armas ; Fender, Rob ; Rushton, Anthony P. ; Russell, Dave ; Torres, Manuel A.P. / A clean sightline to quiescence : Multiwavelength observations of the high Galactic latitude black hole X-ray binary Swift J1357.2-0933. In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 2016 ; Vol. 456, No. 3. pp. 2707-2716.
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    abstract = "We present coordinated multiwavelength observations of the high Galactic latitude (b=+50°) black holeX-ray binary (BHXB)Swift J1357.2-0933 in quiescence. Our broad-band spectrum includes strictly simultaneous radio and X-ray observations, and near-infrared, optical, and ultraviolet data taken 1-2 d later. We detect Swift J1357.2-0933 at all wavebands except for the radio (f5 GHz < 3.9 μJy beam-1; 3σrms). Given current constraints on the distance (2.3-6.3 kpc), its 0.5-10 keV X-ray flux corresponds to an Eddington ratio LX/LEdd = 4 × 10-9-3 × 10-8 (assuming a black hole mass of 10M⊙). The broad-band spectrum is dominated by synchrotron radiation from a relativistic population of outflowing thermal electrons, which we argue to be a common signature of short-period quiescent BHXBs. Furthermore, we identify the frequency where the synchrotron radiation transitions from optically thick-to-thin (vb ≈ 2-5 × 1014 Hz), which is the most robust determination of a 'jet break' for a quiescent BHXB to date. Our interpretation relies on the presence of steep curvature in the ultraviolet spectrum, a frequency window made observable by the low amount of interstellar absorption along the line of sight. High Galactic latitude systems like Swift J1357.2-0933 with clean ultraviolet sightlines are crucial for understanding black hole accretion at low luminosities.",
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    AU - Jonker, Peter G.

    AU - Miller-Jones, James C.A.

    AU - Homan, Jeroen

    AU - Muñoz-Darias, Teo

    AU - Markoff, Sera

    AU - Padilla, Montserrat Armas

    AU - Fender, Rob

    AU - Rushton, Anthony P.

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    AU - Torres, Manuel A.P.

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    AB - We present coordinated multiwavelength observations of the high Galactic latitude (b=+50°) black holeX-ray binary (BHXB)Swift J1357.2-0933 in quiescence. Our broad-band spectrum includes strictly simultaneous radio and X-ray observations, and near-infrared, optical, and ultraviolet data taken 1-2 d later. We detect Swift J1357.2-0933 at all wavebands except for the radio (f5 GHz < 3.9 μJy beam-1; 3σrms). Given current constraints on the distance (2.3-6.3 kpc), its 0.5-10 keV X-ray flux corresponds to an Eddington ratio LX/LEdd = 4 × 10-9-3 × 10-8 (assuming a black hole mass of 10M⊙). The broad-band spectrum is dominated by synchrotron radiation from a relativistic population of outflowing thermal electrons, which we argue to be a common signature of short-period quiescent BHXBs. Furthermore, we identify the frequency where the synchrotron radiation transitions from optically thick-to-thin (vb ≈ 2-5 × 1014 Hz), which is the most robust determination of a 'jet break' for a quiescent BHXB to date. Our interpretation relies on the presence of steep curvature in the ultraviolet spectrum, a frequency window made observable by the low amount of interstellar absorption along the line of sight. High Galactic latitude systems like Swift J1357.2-0933 with clean ultraviolet sightlines are crucial for understanding black hole accretion at low luminosities.

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    KW - ISM: jets and outflows

    KW - Stars: individual: Swift J1357.2-0933

    KW - X-rays: binaries

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